A significant contribution towards achieving climate targets
Further global warming can be limited by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, national and international targets have been set. The Netherlands signed up to the Paris Agreement in 2015.
To achieve the targets set out in the Paris Agreement and the Dutch National Climate Agreement on limiting greenhouse gas emissions, radical measures are required in the field of mobility. Companies are under increasing pressure to switch to cleaner fuels. According to the current Dutch government's plans, all new cars must be emission-free by 2030. These cars will then run on electricity from a battery or on hydrogen fuel. (Source: Dutch Government, 2020).
When we talk about electric vehicles, we mean fully electric vehicles (EVs for short) that are powered entirely by batteries.
Electric driving: cleaner and environmentally friendly
Electric driving is the sustainable answer to a conventional car that runs on petrol or diesel. Since electric cars do not emit any emissions through the exhaust, they lead to significant CO2 savings. However, an electric car is not necessarily climate-neutral. Here’s why:
- Producing the battery unit generates significant additional CO2 emissions.
- The source of electricity used for charging electric cars is also important. If you don't have solar panels, electricity is taken from the grid – and most of this electricity is still grey (from coal-fired power stations, for example).
For more information about the above points you can download the information pack.
Significant CO2 savings
To compare the CO2 emissions of electric vehicles with conventional vehicles, we need to analyse the CO2 emissions from vehicle and fuel production, use of the vehicle, and vehicle recycling/scrapping. TNO carried out such a Well-to-Wheel analysis in 2015. This showed that an electric car that runs entirely on green electricity produces 70% fewer CO2emissions than an average petrol car*. If a car runs on grey electricity, a 30% reduction in CO2 emissions is possible. This remains a hot topic, but studies consistently show that the tipping point in terms of the number of kilometres is decreasing, in favour of the EV.
Electric cars do not emit nitrogen oxides, particulates, or sulphur dioxide while driving, thus making a positive contribution towards air quality. Particulates generated by electric cars are mainly due to wear and tear on the tyres and brake pads.
An electric car reduces traffic noise because electric motors are silent. This effect is greatest at low speeds (in urban areas).