Electric driving on the rise
The number of electric vehicles is on the rise in the Netherlands, for both personal and business use. There are currently 107,000 fully electric cars (BEVs) and 91,000 plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) driving around on Dutch roads (RVO, 2020). In the coming years, the number of electric vehicles is expected to rise sharply. ANWB's Electric Driving Monitor, for example, shows that the majority of Dutch people (56%) expect to buy an electric car in the future; 5% even expect to do so within two years (Source: ANWB, 2019).
More models and affordable models
More and more new electric cars, including more affordable models, will be launched on the market in the next few years. There are currently around 23 models for sale in the Netherlands, with prices ranging up to a maximum of €50,000. For an overview of all available electric cars, visit the EV Database.
Nobody wants to be stranded on the side of the road with an empty tank. This is even more of a worry when it comes to electric cars. After all, how far can the battery possibly get you? It takes some getting used to. However, after just a few rides, almost all electric drivers stop worrying about this because they discover that there are charging points in almost all cities, neighbourhoods, and villages. There are also plenty of fast chargers along the motorway. The range (the distance you can travel on a full battery) is increasing all the time and is currently about 307 kilometres on average (Source: EV Database, 2020). That is more than enough for most journeys: nine out of ten car journeys in the Netherlands are shorter than 100 kilometres.
So you can get to your destination and back without having to recharge.
If the journeys are shorter on average, it is a good idea to go for EVs with a small(er) battery. They are cheaper to buy and less CO2 is emitted during the production of the battery unit.
Charging an electric car
You can charge an electric car at a charging point and – in case of an emergency – also via a regular wall socket. Charging an electric car (and using the charging points) require a different approach and mindset than refuelling a conventional car. Charging also takes longer than refuelling. So, rather than waiting until the battery is empty, you charge it whenever you park somewhere for an hour or several hours. This means that before you set off on your journey, you have to prepare a little and know where you can find a charging station along the way.
The amount of time it takes to charge a battery depends on a few factors:
- The power supplied by the charging point
- The charging speed of the car
- The battery capacity of the car
- The level of battery charge when you start charging and how full it needs to be
- Condition of the battery
It is possible to charge an electric car using a charging cable connected to a wall socket, but this should be seen as an emergency solution. It takes a long time to charge via the wall socket because it has a very limited charging capacity. It is recommended to install a special charging point (charging station or wall box) on your own premises. Get advice from an installer about the charging speed and any adjustments that may be required to your building's electricity connection.
Almost all charging points on people' driveways, at offices, or in residential areas are regular charging points.
Read more about the various types of charging point in the information pack.
Fast charging increases the range of an EV as much as possible in a short period of time.
As such, you will mainly find fast chargers at petrol stations and locations along motorways or other main roads. For some car models, however, the increased capacity of a charging point does not result in faster charging. This is because the car's charging speed is less than the capacity of a charging point.
Developing and rolling out charging infrastructure
As the number of electric cars is increasing, so too is the need for charging points. The Netherlands is a world leader when it comes to products and services related to charging infrastructure and has around 52,000 public charging points and almost 1000 fast chargers (ANWB, 2020).
Charging point mandatory for companies
As from 10 March 2020, companies are obliged to install charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. This means that companies are required to install one charging point for every ten parking spaces. At the moment, this law only applies to new or large renovated buildings; from 2025 this will also apply to existing buildings (Source: Groenopladen.nl, 2020).